In our more environmentally aware climate, chemical and pharmaceutical companies now prioritize reducing organic solvent use in chemistry labs. Employees and shareholders alike are pushing their companies to become greener which impacts how chemistry, both synthesis and purification, is performed.
"50% of my time as a Ph.D. was spend baby-sitting columns," stated Dr. László Kürti during our interview in February. Keep reading to find out more about how his team was able to increase their productivity by implementing Automated Flash Purification into their lab work.
Varying the concentrations of mobile phase solvents during flash purification chromatography enhances the ability of the technique to effectively isolate the desired compound from reaction by-products and unconsumed reagents. Choosing how these concentrations will be varied over time has a significant effect on the purity and recovery of desired compounds.
If you synthesize organic amine compounds, especially heterocyclic, secondary, or tertiary amines, you likely have encountered problems with their chromatography using silica columns. With the amine groups being basic and silica being acidic, there is a natural attraction between the two. This sometimes strong attraction often requires the use of a competing amine in the solvent system. Modification of the mobile phase with the addition of a solvent like triethyl amine can provide a successful purification. Often times the use of an amine-modified stationary phase can provide the needed conditions to avoid the acid-base interaction that can interfere with a successful flash chromatography purification.
In many of my previous posts I have used the term column volume, typically abbreviated as CV, as a value used to help determine separation quality and loading capacity. However, I recently was asked a question about this topic from a chemist who understands the column volume concept but wanted to better understand its definition and how it is determined.
In this post I will explain what a column volume is and how it is determined empirically.
This is an age-old question that has been around a long time, perhaps as long as me (and I have been around a while) – “Does silica dissolve in methanol?”
Equilibrating silica flash chromatography columns is something I always do. There are chemists who see this as an unnecessary, time-and-solvent-wasting step. However, because getting consistent, predictable results is a priority for me, I equilibrate to remove the variability that can be caused by heat generated as solvent initially contacts the silica. Consistency is really important when running flash column chromatography because re-runs are time consuming and may put your compound at risk.
Biotage, pioneers in flash chromatography, started packing columns with silica for flash purification 30 than years ago. Site director Chris Williams tells the story of packing columns - "part science and part art" and high quality across the whole process.
Have you heard about Biotage® V-10 Touch? If you're struggling with rapidly drying samples dissolved in either aqueous or organic solvents, or evaporating HPLC fractions from purification and high boiling point solvents from synthesis, or simply if you would like to access a novel dry down onto silica technique for easier dry load capabilities, then you are in the right place! Just keep reading...
Getting rid of solvent has long been a bottleneck in organic workflow.
With the powerful Biotage® V-10 Touch evaporator, those days are gone.
This system can evaporate DMSO and NMP with ease, meaning chemists
are no longer limited to only volatile solvents in reaction design.
Biotage® V-10 Touch rapidly dries samples dissolved in both aqueous and organic solvents. It easily evaporates HPLC fractions from purification, high boiling point solvents from synthesis and features a novel dry-down onto silica technique for easier dry load capabilities prior to purification.
Reversed-phase flash chromatography usage is increasing rapidly. In fact, over the past 10 or so years, reversed-phase flash chromatography use has increased a dramatic 650%! This is amazing growth despite the fact that reversed-phase flash columns are considerably more expensive than silica columns and you need to evaporate water from your fractions. So, what’s driving this change in chemists’ modus operandi?
In this post, I will explain why chemists are increasingly using reversed-phase flash chromatography for routine, intermediate, and final compound purification and provide and example as well.