Welcome to the Biotage Peptide Synthesis Blogs.

      Handling difficult peptides - how to purify beta amyloid peptides

      Sep 29, 2020 3:04:09 PM / by Elizabeth Denton posted in Chromatography Fundamentals, Peptides, Reversed-phase

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      Sometimes the most interesting peptides are also the absolute worst to work with.  Whether it's synthetic difficulty, or solubility issues, or purification difficulty, or worst of them - all of the above - the experiments must go on!  This is the case for amyloid beta and many of the amyloidogenic peptides currently being studied.  

      In today's post, I'll use this particularly difficult peptide to handle as a case study for some strategies to improve your purification efficiency.

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      How To: Measure and Optimize the Removal of MMT Protecting Groups

      Sep 22, 2020 2:41:38 PM / by Elizabeth Denton posted in Chromatography Fundamentals, Peptides

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      Orthogonal side chain protecting groups, particularly for Fmoc-based solid phase peptide synthesis, are growing not only in diversity, but also in popularity.  These protecting groups enable post-synthesis chemistry while the peptide is still on resin, often times increasing efficiency, decreasing side reactions, and generally simplifying the overall process.

      I've already done some work with many of the commercially available orthogonally protected amino acids including allyl and alloc, Acm, and ivDde for a variety of downstream applications.  In today's post, I'll discuss some work optimizing the removal of a 4-methoxytrityl (Mmt) group from cysteine side chains.

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      How to synthesize hydrophobic peptides - Choosing the Right Solvent

      Sep 1, 2020 5:39:23 PM / by Elizabeth Denton posted in Chromatography Fundamentals, Peptides, Troubleshooting and Optimization

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      Every now and again I hear the question “which solvent do you recommend for my solid phase peptide synthesis?”  Historically, dichloromethane (DCM) was used as a solvent for solid phase synthesis as the kinetics of amino acid activation and amine coupling were much more favorable.  However, solubility concerns, particularly for Fmoc-protected amino acids limited the utility of the solvent.  Nowadays, DMF and NMP are the two principle solvents for both microwave assisted and room temperature solid phase peptide synthesis.  But the question remains, which one is better?

      In today’s post, I will compare how the choice of dimethylformamide (DMF) or N-methylpyrolidone (NMP) effects the synthesis of a short yet very hydrophobic peptide.

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