Welcome to the Biotage Peptide Synthesis Blogs.

      How long should I let my cleavage reaction stir at room temperature?

      Sep 27, 2019 3:30:52 PM / by Elizabeth Denton posted in Mass Detection, optimization, Peptides, peptide, solid phase peptide synthesis, method development

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      As the rules for cell permeability continue to be elucidated, peptides are increasingly being used to deliver either themselves or cargo to the cell’s interior.  One thing is clear, increasing the overall cationic charge of the peptide enhances it’s delivery to not only the cytoplasm, but also the nucleus or other subcellular compartments.  To achieve the positive charge, large numbers of arginine residues are most often incorporated into the peptide sequence.

      This begs the question though, should I change my cleavage protocol?  In today’s post, I’ll evaluate several lengths of time used to cleave and fully deprotect an Arg-rich peptide sequence.

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      Five Tips and Tricks for Success in Solid Phase Peptide Synthesis

      Sep 27, 2019 3:26:17 PM / by Elizabeth Denton posted in peptide, peptide synthesis, method development

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      In my role as a peptide application scientist, I have had the pleasure of working with many groups that are venturing into the world of peptides for the first time.  Although it seems rather  straightforward to experienced synthetic chemists, producing acceptable yield and purity certainly comes with unique challenges in solid phase peptide synthesis .

      In this post I would like to present some of the tips and tricks that I have picked up along the way.

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      How to use a scouting column for your peptide purification

      Sep 27, 2019 3:13:39 PM / by Elizabeth Denton posted in reversed-phase, flash purification, peptide, solid phase peptide synthesis, peptide purification, peptides and flash chromatography, stationary phase, particle pore size, method development

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      In the past, when I have synthesized a new peptide, I always ran a “scout run” – a small scale injection, usually with an analytical HPLC column – to both get an idea of the crude purity and also to identify a shorter, more optimal gradient for the actual purification.  This strategy is still recommended when you want to use reversed phase flash chromatography for your purification strategy, but is there a better way?

      In today’s post, I’ll discuss using a scouting column to screen gradient conditions prior to peptide purification with reversed phase flash chromatography.

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      What is solid phase peptide synthesis?

      Sep 25, 2019 9:47:21 PM / by Elizabeth Denton posted in Biotage, Developments, synthesis, peptide, peptide synthesis, solid phase peptide synthesis, cleavage, synthesis tips, orthogonal protecting groups, synthesis optimization, method development, FMOC, BOC

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      More and more groups are exploring the utility of peptides with an ever widening variety of applications. And although peptides are getting cheaper to purchase outright, many groups are continuing to bring peptide synthesis in house. As more groups join the peptide community, I frequently encounter questions about the basics of peptide synthesis.

      In today's post, I'd like to cover a little history of solid phase synthesis as well as highlight some differences between the chemistries.

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      How much peptide is recovered from a reversed-phase C18 cartridge during flash purification?

      Jul 25, 2019 2:13:43 PM / by Elizabeth Denton posted in Developments, reversed-phase, flash chromatography, peptide, solid phase peptide synthesis, peptide purification, peptides and flash chromatography

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      Whether it’s the bonded stationary phase, particle size, or even particle pore size, scientists today are offered a plethora of choices when it comes to reversed phase HPLC columns.  An often acknowledged concern in the peptide community though is peptide recovery from reversed phase purification efforts, particularly for precious peptide mixtures.  But how is peptide recovery impacted when you use reversed phase flash chromatography for purification?

      In today’s post, I’ll compare recovery levels for two peptides that differ in length as well as crude purity using reversed phase flash chromatography.  In addition to comparing two peptides, I’ll also evaluate how recovery is impacted by altering the mobile phase pH.

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      How to choose an ion pairing agent to improve your peptide purification

      Jul 22, 2019 4:28:04 PM / by Elizabeth Denton posted in Developments, reversed-phase, flash chromatography, peptide, solid phase peptide synthesis, peptide purification, peptides and flash chromatography, ion pairing agents

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      Ion pairing agents are used in a variety of strategies to improve overall purification efficiency. In a previous post, I utilized ion pairing agents to increase the peptide’s hydrophobicity, improving retention by the stationary phase and enabling purification.  But what other strategies can be improved by using ion pairing agents?

      In this post, I’ll utilize ion pairing agents to enable rapid peptide purification by flash chromatography.  The use of ion pairing agents can in fact alter the peptide’s apparent hydrophobicity sufficiently that the desired peptide and it’s closely eluting impurities can be resolved.  The question is, which one to choose?

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      Using microwave heating to expedite your allyl ester or alloc deprotection

      Jun 11, 2019 8:28:51 PM / by Elizabeth Denton posted in peptide, peptide synthesis, solid phase peptide synthesis, orthogonal protecting groups, synthesis optimization

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      Orthogonal amino acid protecting groups effectively expand the chemical tool kit available to peptide chemists allowing for synthesis of much more complex molecules.  Often times, orthogonal protecting groups are used in Fmoc-based chemistry to facilitate post-synthesis modifications of peptides, like the addition of small molecule fluorophores and more commonly now, peptide cyclization efforts.

      In a previous post, I discussed optimizing the removal of an ivDde protecting group.  In today’s post, I’ll explore the removal of an alloc protecting group from a lysine residue.

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      How long are amino acid stock solution stable for successful solid phase peptide synthesis?

      Apr 29, 2019 6:03:52 PM / by Elizabeth Denton posted in peptide, peptide workflow, solid phase peptide synthesis, synthesis tips

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      In today’s post I’ll answer the above question by comparing the crude purity of peptides synthesized using amino acid stock solutions or freshly dissolved amino acids.

      In previous posts I have described using high concentrations of amino acids to improve your peptide synthesis among some other tips and tricks.  But there is a particularly handy tip that was left off the list.

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      Peptide Workflow by Biotage

      Mar 28, 2019 3:47:33 PM / by Elizabeth Denton posted in peptide, peptide synthesis, peptide workflow, remove solvents

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      What is the main goal of a peptide chemist? Elizabeth Denton, Ph.D., explains how Biotage sees the peptide synthesis workflow and how we focus on shortening the process time for scientists.

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