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How does media pore size impact small-molecule flash column chromatography?

October 30, 2020 at 6:40 PM / by Bob Bickler


For most chemists, flash purification is a means to an end. In other words, it is a tool needed to purify and isolate one compound from a mixture of compounds so that the next reaction can occur with reduced by-product formation. Other than choosing between normal- or reversed-phase, there typically is not much thought put into cartridge selection, especially not related to stationary phase media porosity.

For most small molecules, this approach makes sense, but for larger molecules and very lipophilic compounds, factoring for media porosity should be included.  In this post, I will discuss the impact media porosity can have on chromatographic performance.

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Non-aqueous (or nearly so) reversed-phase flash column chromatography – a nice alternative for purifying lipophilic compounds

October 23, 2020 at 5:25 PM / by Bob Bickler

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For most organic and medicinal chemists, normal-phase flash chromatography is used to purify and isolate many types of organic compounds, most with some polar functional groups which help them retain on silica. However, some compound mixtures are water insoluble such as lipids, carotenoids, terpenes, tocopherols, polyaromatic and other hydrocarbons with minimal polar functionality.   These lipophilic compounds do not retain well on silica and do not dissolve readily in water making them really difficult to separate.

In this post I will talk about a technique called non-aqueous reversed-phase chromatography that can be very effective at separating and purifying very lipophilic compounds.

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How Can I Speed-up My Synthesis Workflow?

October 20, 2020 at 2:04 PM / by Bob Bickler


Wouldn’t it be nice if your reactions only created your desired product? Of course the answer is yes, but that is not the reality of synthetic chemistry. Because our chemical reactions yield multiple components, they need work-up and purification to isolate the desired compound.

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Ionizable compound purification using reversed-phase flash column chromatography

October 16, 2020 at 4:54 PM / by Bob Bickler


With most chromatographic purifications, only two solvents are needed to adequately separate compounds from each other. Unfortunately, there are instances where the separation is either poor or cannot be accomplished with “normal” elution conditions such as those with ionic or very polar organic molecules.

In this post I offer some solutions to this issue.

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